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US Environmental Protection Agency, February 11 , 2015
An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenicsources and sinks of greenhouse gases is essential for addressing climate change. This inventory adheres to both a comprehensive and detailed set of methodologies for estimating sources and sinks of anthropogenic greenhouse gases, and a
common and consistent mechanism that enables Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to compare the relative contribution of different emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change.
Study Abstract. Study by Garth T. Llewellyn, Frank Dorman. L. Westland. Yoxtheimer, Paul Grieve, Todd Sowers, E. Humston-Fulmer, and Susan L. Brantley. Published by National Academy of Sciences, April 2, 2015.
Written by syama K. Alawattaegama, Tetiana Kondratyuk, Renee Krynock, Matthew Bricker, Jennifer K. Rutter, Daniel J. Bainc & John F. Stolzab
Center for Environmental Research and Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania, USA
Department of Biological Sciences, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Department of Geology and Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh,
Published online: 03 Mar 2015.
NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD
Public Meeting of January 27, 2015
This is a synopsis from the NTSB’s Safety Study and does not include the Board’s rationale for the conclusions and safety recommendations. NTSB staff is currently making final revisions to the report from which the attached conclusions and safety recommendations have been extracted.
Cover of the external review draft of the hydraulic fracturing drinking water research report This assessment provides a review and synthesis of available scientific literature and data to assess the potential for hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas to impact the quality or quantity of drinking water resources, and identifies factors affecting the frequency or severity of any potential impacts.
May 21, 2015 decision..."we conclude that their Lake Huntington
residences are, in fact, legitimate ones for voting purposes.
Accordingly, Supreme Court erred in declaring the Lake Huntington
voters' absentee ballots invalid and directing that their names
be stricken from the registry of voters." Allowing 2nd Home Owners to vote at their 2nd home.
Methane leaks and explodes, Canadian tar sands crude sinks, and computerized control systems are being hacked. Is publicly-acceptable safety and security a realistic prospect?Author: Trudy E. Bell in The Bent of Tau Beta Pi, Winter 2015.
Study Authors: Mary Kanga, Cynthia M. Kannoa, Matthew C. Reida, Xin Zhangb, Denise L. Mauzeralla, Michael A. Celiaa, Yuheng Chenc, and Tullis C. Onstottc. National Academy of the Sciences, USA, Cross Mark, Nov., 2014.
Study Authors: David T. Allen, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Adam P. Pacsi, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Brian K. Lamb, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.
Study Authors: David T. Allen, Adam P. Pacsi, David W. Sullivan, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Matthew Harrison, Kindal Keen, Matthew P. Fraser, A. Daniel Hill, Robert F. Sawyer, and John H. Seinfeld. Environmental Science & Technology, Author Choice.
The Marcellus Money project has been tracking the natural gas (or “fracking”) industry’s campaign contributions and lobbying expenditures in Pennsylvania since 2009, when the Marcellus Shale natural gas boom was moving into high gear. This 2014 update to the project re-focuses the period of analysis to 2007 Cycle 1 – 2014 Cycle 5 (previous releases included data from 2001 forward). The data and more information can be viewed online at www.marcellusmoney.org
Environmental, Human Health and Climate Impacts Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations. Commissioned by The Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation. Written by Anna Grear, Evadne Grant, Dr. Tom Kerns, Professor Karen Morrow, Dr. Damien Short. Published October 30, 2014
Environmental Integrity Project, October 22, 2014. This report was researched and written by Eric Schaeffer and Courtney Bernhardt. The Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) is a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization established in March of 2002 by former EPA enforcement attorneys to advocate for effective enforcement of environmental laws.
This paper was conceived, written and researched collectively by Tom Sanzillo, Lorne Stockman, Deborah Rogers, Hannah McKinnon, Elizabeth Bast, and Steve Kretzmann with assistance and/or additional contributions from Adam Wolfensohn, and Amin Asadollahi for the Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis, October, 2014.
Authors: Ellen Webb, Jake Hays, Larysa Dyrszka, Brian Rodriguez, Caroline Cox, Katie Huffling and Sheila Bushkin-Bedient, Rev Environ Health, 2016, accepted February 8, 2016. Abstract: Research on air pollutant emissions associated with unconventional oil and gas (UOG) development has grown significantly in recent years...Many data gaps remain, but existing data support precautionary measures to protect the health of infants and children.
Authors: Nancy E. Lauer, Jennifer S. Harkness, and Avner Vengosh. Duke University
ABSTRACT: The rapid rise of unconventional oil production during the
past decade in the Bakken region of North Dakota raises concerns related to
water contamination associated with the accidental release of oil and gas
wastewater to the environment. . We observed thatinorganic contamination associated with brine spills in North Dakota is remarkably persistent, with elevated levels of contaminants observed in spills sites up to 4 years following the spill events.
Authors: E. A. Kort, M. L. Smith, L. T. Murray, A. Gvakharia, A. R. Brandt, J. Peischl, T. B. Ryerson, C. Sweeney, K. Travis. Article accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process. Please cite this article as doi: 10.1002/2016GL068703. American Geophysical Union, 2016.Key Points:
? The Bakken shale in North Dakota accounted for 1-3% total global ethane emissions in 2014
? These findings highlight the importance of shale production in global atmospheric ethane shift
? These emissions impact air quality and influence interpretations of recent global methane changes
PSE Healthy Energy paper published in peer-reviewed journal PLOS ONE analyzes the body of scientific literature published from 2009-2015. It reports that the weight of the evidence indicates that hazards and elevated risks to human health, as well as possible adverse health outcomes are asssociated with unconventional natural gas development...
Authors: Jake Hays and Seth B.C. Shonkoff. Journal: PLOS/one.
Abstract:The body of science evaluating the potential impacts of unconventional natural gas development (UNGD) has grown significantly in recent years, although many data gaps remain. Still, a broad empirical understanding of the impacts is beginning to emerge amidst a swell of research. The present categorical assessment provides an overview of the peer-reviewed scientific literature from 2009–2015 as it relates to the potential impacts of UNGD on public health, water quality, and air quality. We have categorized all available original research during this time period in an attempt to understand the weight and direction of the scientific literature.
Dusty Horwitt, Partnership for Policy Integrity, April 7, 2016.
Toxic Secrets is based on a first-ever review of EPA’s health assessments and regulatory determinations for 105 fracking and drilling chemicals reviewed under TSCA’s New Chemicals program between 2009 and 2014.
USGS study byBy Mark D. Petersen, Charles S. Mueller, Morgan P. Moschetti, Susan M. Hoover, Andrea L. Llenos, William L. Ellsworth, Andrew J. Michael, Justin L. Rubinstein, Arthur F. McGarr, and Kenneth S. Rukstales. Open File report 2016-1035.
Authors: Paul S. Goodman, Fabio Galatioto, Neil Thorpe, Anil K. Namdeo, Richard J. Davies, and Roger N. Bird in ScienceDirect, Enviironment International, Feb. 24, 2016.
Traffic-related environmental impacts of fracking studied using a novel Traffic Impact Model.
Model estimates greenhouse gas, local air quality, noise and axle loading impacts on roads.
Single well pad creates substantial increases in local air quality pollutants during peak activity.
Short-duration/large-magnitude events may adversely affect local ambient air quality and noise.
Daily NOx emissions may increase by over 30% and hourly noise levels can double (+ 3.4 dBA)
Authors: Gin Armstrong, Aaron Cantu, Kevin Connor, & robert Galbraith. Public Accountability Initiative, March, 2016
The companies behind major natural gas infrastructure projects spent $1.3 million on lobbying in New York State government in 2015, a nearly 119% increase from the $578,454 spent in 2011.
Lobbying expenditures have increased nearly 18% from 2014 to 2015.
Natural gas lobbying firms and their leadership have contributed at least $513,869 to Cuomo since 2006.
Three top lobbyists at the firms hired by the natural gas industry have ties to Andrew Cuomo through his late father, Mario Cuomo. Another served as the Executive Director of Republicans for Cuomo, and two partners from the same lobbying firm previously served as assistant counsel to Cuomo.
Audit by Thomas P. DiNapoli, NYS Office of the State Comptroller, Division of State Government Accountability. Report 2015-S-31, March, 2016.
• DPS staff do not verify the accuracy of the information on employee/contractor qualifications maintained by individual Operators which DPS staff rely on during field audits.
• DPS has not set up a process to identify instances where Operators failed to notify them as required. We determined that Operators did not notify DPS of six gas-related incidents in 2015 that should otherwise have been reported. These incidents involved evacuations, road closures, a business closure, and other situations that left businesses and residents without gas.
• DPS does not perform analyses of all available data to better identify potential high-risk areas.
March, 2016 from Earthworks Oil & Gas Accountability Project.This survey paper discusses many of the different air monitoring methods currently being used in community-based projects that are designed to increase understanding of oil and gas pollution.
Affidavit for J. David Hughes, scientist for the Geological Survey of Canada, as a witness for interveners NC WARN and The Climate Times in a docket at the North Carolina Utilities Commission (E-2 Sub 1089) re: new natural gas plants in Asheville NC. His assertion that US shale gas will peak in 2016-2017 time frame is shocking
Prepared by: Spencer Phillips, PhD Cara Bottorff Sonia Wang for Key-Log Economics, LLC. for: Highlanders for Responsible Development, Augusta County Alliance, Friends of Nelson County, Friends of Buckingham, and Virginia Yogaville Environmental Solutions; Feb., 2016
Study authors: T. H. W. Goebel, S. M. Hosseini, F. Cappa, E. Hauksson, J. P. Ampuero, F. Aminzadeh, J. B. Saleeby. Geophysical Research Letters, An AGU Journal. Feb 4, 2016.Our results suggest that induced seismicity may remain undetected in California without detailed analysis of local geologic setting, seismicity, and fluid diffusion.
Am J Public Health. 2016 Jan 21:e1-e7. Author: Johnston JE, Werder E, Sebastian D.
proportion of people of color living less than 5 kilometers from a disposal well was 1.3 times higher than was the proportion of non-Hispanic Whites. Adjusting for rurality, disposal wells were 2.04 times (95% confidence interval?=?2.02, 2.06) as common in areas with 80% people of color or more than in majority White areas. Disposal wells are also disproportionately sited in high-poverty areas.
Physicians Scientists & Engineers Healthy Energy. Authors:Zeke Hausfather | UC Berkeley/Berkeley Earth Elena Krieger, PhD | PSE Healthy Energy January 27, 2016
The EPA’s Clean Power Plan aims to cut 32% of power sector greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, for the first time regulating climate pollutants from the sector responsible for the largest portion of these emissions. However, if upstream methane emissions are not taken into consideration, these efforts may fall far short of achieving real reductions of this magnitude across the lifecycle of electricity generation. The
By Lucija Muehlenbachs, Elisheba Spiller, and Christopher Timmins,
American Economic Review 2015.
Using data from Pennsylvania and an array of empirical techniques to control for confounding factors, we recover hedonic estimates of property value impacts from nearby shale gas development that vary with water source, well productivity, and visibility. Results indicate large negative impacts on nearby groundwater-dependent homes, while piped-water-dependent homes exhibit smaller positive impacts, suggesting benefits from lease payments. Results have implications for the debate over regulation of shale gas development.
Western Values Project: A Voice for Western Values, May, 2014.
Due to a combination of wasteful industry practices and lax federal policies, last year between 111.8 and 133.1 million mcf1 of natural gas produced energy market.
Study Authors: Marianthi-Anna Kioumourtzoglou, Joel D. Schwartz, Marc G. Weisskopf, Steven J. Melly, Yun Wang, Francesca Dominici, and Antonella Zanobetti. Environmental Health Perspectives, January, 2016.
Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the relationship between long-term exposure to PM2.5 and time to first hospitalization for common neurodegenerative diseases. We found strong evidence of association for all three outcomes. Our findings provide the basis for further studies, as the implications of such exposures could be crucial to public health.
Study authors: Liuhua Shi, Antonella Zanobetti, Itai Kloog, Brent A. Coull, Petros Koutrakis, Steven J. Melly, and Joel D. Schwartz Environmental Health Perspectives, January 2016.
Conclusions: Using a mutually adjusted model, we estimated significant acute and chronic effects of PM2.5 exposure below the current U.S. EPA standards. These findings suggest that improving air quality with even lower PM2.5 than currently allowed by U.S. EPA standards may benefit public health.
Newswise — Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
Authors: Casey JA, Savitz DA, Rasmussen SG, Ogburn EL, Pollak J, Mercer DG, Schwartz BS.
Prenatal residential exposure to unconventional natural gas development activity was associated with two pregnancy outcomes, adding to evidence that unconventional natural gas development may impact health.
Report authored by Lukas Ross, Climate and Energy Campaigner at Friends of the Earth and peer reviewed by Thomas O. Singer, PhD, Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center. Sept, 2015
American Sociological Association Study published Sept 2, 2015 online and in October print issue of American Sociological Review. " ...a University of Iowa (UI) sociologist and his co-researchers are the first to use the Internet and social media to systematically show how a documentary film reshaped public perception and ultimately led to municipal bans on hydraulic fracking."
On April 17, 2012, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued cost-effective regulations, required by the Clean Air Act, to reduce harmful air pollution from the oil and natural gas industry while allowing continued, responsible growth in U.S. oil and natural gas production.
August 18, 2015 - EPA has proposed a suite of commonsense requirements that together will help combat climate change, reduce air pollution that harms public health, and provide greater certainty about Clean Air Act permitting requirements for the oil and natural gas industry.
S & P Capital, August 2015
Increased fracking and rising natural gas and oil supply in the U.S. will continue altering the U.S. economy, with broad economic implications.
The practice of fracking is clearly controversial. Environmentalists and local residents have raised a number of concerns, and many within and outside of the energy industry continue to study these issues. We believe increased earthquakes near fracking sites represent a risk that could harm investors across various sectors.
While the scientific and legal debates concerning fracking as the cause of increased earthquakes continue, the increased frequency and intensity of earthquakes in certain areas is clear. The risks these earthquakes pose could lead to various credit and economic changes.
Page 3 begins the study article:
Authors: David T. Allena, Vincent M. Torresa, James Thomasa, David W. Sullivana, Matthew Harrisonb, Al Hendlerb, Scott C. Herndonc, Charles E. Kolbc, Matthew P. Fraserd, A. Daniel Hille, Brian K. Lambf, Jennifer Miskiminsg, Robert F. Sawyerh, and John H. Seinfeldi
Edited by Susan L. Brantley, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, and approved August 19, 2013 (received for review March 20, 2013)
Kuishuang Feng, Steven J. Davis, Laixiang Sun, & Klaus Hubacek.
Published July 21, 2015, Nature Communications
Fossil fuel CO2 emissions in the United States decreased by B11% between 2007 and 2013, from 6,023 to 5,377 Mt. This decline has been widely attributed to a shift from the use of coal to natural gas in US electricity production. However, the factors driving the decline have not been quantitatively evaluated; the role of natural gas in the decline therefore remains speculative.
Authors: Thomas Jemielita , George L. Gerton , Matthew Neidell, Steven Chillrud, Beizhan Yan, Martin Stute, Marilyn Howarth, Pouné Saberi, Nicholas Fausti, Trevor M. Penning, Jason Roy, Kathleen J. Propert, Reynold A. Panettieri Jr. Published July 15, 2015 Funded by National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
Environmental Defense Fund Study, July, 2015. Authors: Robert Harriss, Ramon A. Alvarez, David Lyon, Daniel Zavala-Araiza, Drew Nelson, and Steven P. Hamburg. Published in Environmental Science & Technology.
ICF International Report, June 22, 2015.
Project Scope and Objective
1. Characterize natural gas and methane emissions from federal and tribal lands • By state
• By segment (Production, Gathering, Processing, Transmission, and Storage) • By emission source (e.g., pneumatics, compressors, flaring)
2. Determine the value of gas lost due to venting, flaring, and fugitives from federal and tribal lands
3. Determine the potential for mitigation on federal and tribal lands
• Estimate any differences in cost efficiency of reduction options between National and federal/ tribal lands
Report by Environmental Science & Technology, June 7, 2015. Authors: Zacariah Louis Hildenbrand, Doug D Carlton, Brian Fontenot, Jesse M. Meik, Jayme Walton,
Josh Taylor, Jonathan Thacker, Stephanie Korlie, C. Phillip Shelor, Drew Henderson, Akinde Florence Kadjo, Corey Roelke, Paul F. Hudak, Taylour Burton, Hanadi S. Rifai, and Kevin A. Schug
Abstract. Study authors: Brian E. Fontenot, Laura R. Hunt, Zacariah L. Hildenbrand, Doug D. Carlton Jr., Hyppolite Oka, Jayme L. Walton, Dan Hopkins, Alexandra Osorio, Bryan Bjorndal, Qinhong H. Hu, and Kevin A. Schug. July 25, 20134
Authors: Avner Vengosh and Robert Jackson, Duke University. Scientists have developed new geochemical tracers that can identify hydraulic fracturing flowback fluids that have been spilled or released into the environment. Published October 20, 2014
Richard Liroff, Investor Environmental Health Network Danielle Fugere, As You Sow
Lucia von Reusner, Green Century Capital Management, Inc. Steven Heim, Boston Common Asset Management, LLC, posted Dec, 2014
Clean Air Task Force Report Summary. The full report will be available in Dec, 2014. Earthjustice, Earthworks, and Environmental Defense Fund have reviewed this report. The full text of the report will be available online at http://catf.us/resources/publications/view/205
2nd Edition, 2014; Authors Betsy Taylor and Kathy Washienko, Breakthrough Strategies & Solutions, Inc.
Crispin Pierce, Kristin Walters, Jeron Jacobson and Zachary Kroening University of Wisconsin–Eau Claire; Accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Health (Nov. 2015, in press). Abstract: The rapid growth of hydraulic fracturing for oil and gas extraction in the U.S. has led to more than 140 permitted “frac” sand mines and processing plants in Wisconsin.
RT Documentary--53 minutes. Published on Oct 10, 2014
All across the USA people are rising up against fracking. They don’t believe the process is safe and think it causes wide-scale land contamination. Ever more extraction sites are being approved and developed with new plant being built in once idyllic landscapes.
Nature, Oct, 2014. Authors: Haewon McJeon, Jae Edmonds, Nico Bauer, Leon Clarke, Brian Fisher, Brian P. Flannery, Jérôme Hilaire, Volker Krey, Giacomo Marangoni, Raymond Mi, Keywan Riahi, Holger Rogner & Massimo Tavoni
"Our results show that although market penetration of globally abundant gas may substantially change the future energy system, it is not necessarily an effective substitute for climate change mitigation policy9, 10.:
As natural gas extraction expands across the Central Appalachian region, that industrial-scale energy development is encroaching on public lands that are critically important for fishing and hunting. In this report, Trout Unlimited takes a deeper look into those public places, outlining the potential risks posed by gas drilling operations and providing recommendations from sportsmen and women that promote responsible energy development.
Sam Gallaher, Doctoral Candidate Jonathan Pierce, Post-Doctoral Scholar Chris Weible, Associate Professor Jennifer Kagan, Graduate Assistant Tanya Heikkila, Associate Professor Benjamin Blair, Research Associate
School of Public Affairs, University of Colorado, Denver, July, 2014
Please donate to
Catskill Citizens for Safe Energy,
an all-volunteer grassroots organization.
Burning all the fossil fuels we know to exist on Earth could push global temperature an average of 8 C above preindustrial levels, according to new research. The Arctic would bear the brunt of the warming, with temperatures potentially rising 17 C, said the authors.
The Florida Supreme Court ruled 6-1 last week that the Public Service Commission overstepped its authority when it allowed the state's largest utility to invest in natural gas production and use ratepayer money to cover the cost, the Miami Herald reports.
The United States produced more petroleum liquids and natural gas than any other nation in 2015, federal energy data show. Even as low oil prices forced companies to delay drilling and postpone projects, U.S. producers still churned up more total hydrocarbons than Russia or Saudi Arabia last year. [Full Story]
Developers of the Northeast Energy Direct gas pipeline project, which would have passed through southern Albany and Rensselaer counties to bring fracked gas from northern Pennsylvania to metropolitan Boston, withdrew their application Monday to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, effec... [Full Story]
BACK IN APRIL, just before the New York primary, Hillary Clinton’s campaign aired a commercial on upstate television stations touting her work as secretary of state forcing “China, India, some of the world’s worst polluters” to make “real change.” She promised to “stand firm with New Yorkers opposin... [Full Story]
LOS ANGELES -- The Los Angeles County Department of Public Health issued a stop work order Sunday evening to Southern California Gas over its cleaning efforts following the months-long Porter Ranch gas leak, reports CBS Los Angeles.
SoCal Gas had begun cleaning the homes of relocated Porter Ranch... [Full Story]
CHEYENNE, Wyo. - Children and infants are especially at risk for health problems due to fracking, according to a new study by the Center for Environmental Health. Ellen Webb, health energy sciences and advocacy manager for the Center and the report's lead author, says it's the first comprehensive li... [Full Story]
Israel has approved a deal it hopes will fast-track development of the huge Leviathan offshore natural gas field and end years of regulatory uncertainty that has stifled the country's nascent oil and gas industry.
HARRISBURG, Pa. (AP) - In an email that precipitated his resignation, Gov. Tom Wolf’s environmental protection secretary criticized environmental advocates for a lack of “pushback” against certain bills and said they were “without influence.”
SIDNEY — An appeal to a 2015 decision by the Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (NOGCC) granting a Colorado company permission to use of an abandoned oil well in Sioux County as a wastewater disposal site was heard Monday in the Cheyenne County District Court. [Full Story]
The Northern Territory Opposition says it will not support amendments to the Petroleum Act that are before Parliament this week.
The NT Government is introducing reforms to the legalisation that it said would regulate the onshore oil and gas industry, specifically hydraulic fracturing. [Full Story]
Chicago — WHILE the shale gas industry has been depressed in recent years by low oil and gas prices, analysts are predicting that it will soon rebound. Many of the environmental hazards of the gas extraction process, called hydraulic fracturing or fracking, are by now familiar: contaminated drinking... [Full Story]
Organized by Athens County Fracking Action Network (ACFAN), representatives of eight grassroots environmental groups held press conferences on Wednesday, first at Wayne National Forest Headquarters and later in downtown Marietta. Speakers from Torch Can Do, Buckeye Forest Council, Ohio Sierra Club, ... [Full Story]
Californians got another sobering reminder recently that we’re overdue for a massive earthquake. The San Andreas Fault, one expert said, is “locked, loaded and ready to roll.” This looming temblor could be big enough to kill or injure thousands of people.
So why are California re... [Full Story]
PARACHUTE — Colorado residents fighting new oil and gas development — 53 wells and a fracking waste facility on the banks of the Colorado River — have turned to an untested state rule in a last-ditch push for protection.