Hydraulic fracturing and the management, disposal, and reuse of frac flowback waters: Views from the public in the Marcellus Shale
By Gene L. Theodoria, A.E. Luloff, Fern K. Willits, David B. Burnett in ScienceDirect, June, 2014. (Abstract)
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permitting and Pretreatment for Shale Gas Extraction Wastewater Frequently Asked Questions
EPA Office of Wastewater Management Draft report issued March 7, 2014.
Impacts of Shale Gas Wastewater Disposal on Water Quality in Western Pennsylvania
By Nathaniel R. Warner, Cidney A. Christie, Robert B. Jackson, and Avner Vengosh published in Environmental Science and Technology, October 2, 2013. (Abstract)
Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in California: A Wastewater and Water Quality Perspective
By Michael Kiparsky and Jayni Fley Hein, Berkeley Law, Center for Law, Energy & the Environment. April, 2013
Assessment of Effluent Contaminants from Three Facilities Discharging Marcellus Shale Wastewater to Surface Waters in Pennsylvania
By Kyle J. Ferrar et al in Environmental Science and Technology. Accepted March 2013.
Ohio to Gov. Cuomo: We Are Not New York’s Dumping Ground
Letters to Governor Cuomo from Ohio citizens opposing fracking in NY in part because the toxic, radioactive fracking waste may be headed to Ohio. February 12, 2013
Out of Sight, Out of Mind: New York’s Failure to Track or Treat Fracking Waste Endangers Public Health & the Environment
By Environmental Advocates of NY, May, 2012, (Thirteen pages.)
Contaminant Characterization of Effluent from Pennsylvania Brine Treatment Inc., Josephine Facility Being Released into Blacklick Creek, Indiana County, PA
Implications for Disposal of Oil and Gas Flowback Fluids from Brine Treatment Plants by Dr. Conrad Volz, Kyle Ferrar, Drew Michanowicz, Dr. Charles Christen, Shannon Kearned, Matt Kelso, and Samanatha Malone. March 23, 2011
Chloride Concentration Gradients in Tank-Stored Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids Following flowback
Pamela J. Edwards, Linda L. Tracy, William K. Wilson; USDA/Forest Service and Northern Research Station research published July, 2011.
The PA DEP responds to the US EPA Region III
The PA DEP responds to US EPA Region III concerns regarding contaminants in drilling wastewater. April 6, 2011.
U EPA Region III tells the PA DEP its concerned about the drilling wastewater
Disposal Wells: A Solution for Marcellus Waste?
A presentation by Cornell Professor Dr. Anthony Ingraffea. Ithaca, NY. May 3, 2010
Letter from West Virginia's DEP to Clarksburg Sanitary Board
Pollutants of concern in drilling wastewater, July 23, 2009.
NOTICE TO GAS AND OIL WELL & LPG STORAGE FLUID HAULERS
A January 2009 document from the NYS DEC that outlines the state's "brine" spreading program.
EPA Powerpoint Presentation on Marcellus Shale Wastewater
Region 3, Environmental Assessment & Innovation Division, Freshwater Biology Team
Pennsylvania Brine Treatment Plan Outfall 001 & Influent Permit Sampling